CAHR is made possible through a grant by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the government of the Netherlands (BUZA). The grant is for the four-year period between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2014, from their Choices and Opportunities Fund.
The Fund is designed to award grants to international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that can bring strategic added value in relation to Dutch priority themes in the area of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and HIV/AIDS. This primarily means achieving the objectives of the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, also known as the Cairo agenda, and targets for universal access to HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, care and support.
The CAHR project draws upon the experience in the Netherlands itself, where harm reduction has proven to be a successful and cost-effective approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and where infections (in January 2008) remained at 0.2% of the adult population, with just 4% attributed to injecting drug users.