Initiating WINGS to stop gender based violence against women who use drugs

From 7 till 9 November, 2016 Alliance Regional Technical Support Hub South Asia, India HIV/AIDS Alliance and Alliance for Public Health under support of International HIV/AIDS Alliance organized a training of trainers on Women Initiating New Goals of Safety (WINGS) programme. The training took place in Pune, India and gathered program implementers from NGO Sahara Aalhad in Pune, Maharashtra. WINGS is programme addressing intimate partner violence (IPV) and gender based violence (GBV) faced by women who use drugs (WWUD). The module was developed by Columbia University Social Intervention Group and first implemented with WWUD is New York, further adapted and implemented in Kyrgyzstan.

The training was conducted by an author of the intervention Louisa Gilbert from Columbia University, New York and Danil Nikitin (Global Health Research Center of Central Asia), Kyrgyzstan.

Results of the study evaluating feasibility and preliminary effects of the intervention, which includes two-session IPV and GBV screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment model with HIV counselling and testing for women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan showed that 73% of WWUD reported any physical or sexual IPV victimisation, and 60% reported any physical or sexual GBV victimisation in the past year. At the 3-month follow-up, intervention participants reported experiencing 59% fewer physical IPV incidents and 27% fewer physical GBV incidents than at baseline. The study showed a 65% reduction in the odds of using any illicit drugs and women were more likely to report receiving GBV-related services which shows promising effect of this brief intervention[1].

The intervention will consist of the following components[2]:

The project will be implemented from December 2016 to May 2017 by Sahara Aalhad CFRCAR at Pune, India in an agreement with Alliance Regional Technical Support Hub for South Asia (The South Asia Hub).

[1] Luisa Gilbert, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Danil Nikitin, Olga Rychkova, Tara McCrimmon, Irena Ermolaeva, Nadejda Sharonova, Aibek Mukambetov, Timothy Nunt (2016), Feasibility and preliminary effects of a screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment model to address gender-based violence among women who use drugs in Kyrgyzstan: Project WINGS (Women Initiating New Goals of Safety). Drug and Alcohol Review (2016) DOI: 10.1111/dar.12437

Global Health Research Center of Central Asia, Columbia University, New York, USA, Global Research Institute, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Open Society Foundations, New York, USA, Asteria Foundation, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, The Podruga Foundation, Osh, Kyrgyzstan, and Open Society Foundations, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

[2] PANKH (2016) IPV-PROJECT PANKH  Adapted from WINGS (Women Initiating New Goals for Safety) Project Protocol.